Monday, 24 April 2017

With soap in their hands & Hope in their hearts

Here is an article which was written way back in 1998 by Ramjee Chandran and published in The Bangalore Monthly Update magazine in June, 1998. The writer envisioned the fraudulent scheme of Amway long back before the police filed criminal cases against the MNC, which has been still in 2017 looting the public in the name of direct selling handing over highly-priced, adulterated and unbranded products to the consumers.

Ramji Chandran
According to the local office of Amway India, about 6,500 Bangaloreans have already singed up to become Amway salespersons.
These 6,500 people have paid the USA-owned Amway Corp. Rs 4,200 each i.e. 6,500x4,200= (almost) Rs 3 crore. Cash up front. And that’s only in Bangalore.
A Bangalore company probably can’t raise this kind of money in the stock market in these days of tight money conditions.
But Amway did. Without advertising. Without the great dollops of press coverage that even the launch of a new whisky usually generates.  It’s all word of mouth, we are told. Word from the mouths of people living abroad, who have been told by Amway to call their kith, kin and caboodle in India. Word is also to spam you on the internet. Spam is unsolicited promotional material—junk mail on the net. Word is to send you cheap postcards. Calling, writing, faxing or spamming people in India to tell them of the good news. The good news is that they have the means to ‘help’ you to change your life. To ‘own your business’. To ‘earn your freedom’. To ‘not just get a life, but get a lifestyle’.
The subliminal message is: Stop being a loser. Whatever you’ve been doing with your life, it is worth less than what you can do as an Amway salesperson.
When I put this last proposition across to an Amway salesperson, his response was this. “You’ve hit the nail on the head. You are right. That is the case.”
He explained further: “You don’t have to give up your publishing business (thank god). Use your spare time profitably. What do you do when drive to work? Nothing! What do you do in the evenings? Watch TV? Pah!”
Right through this entire opening phase, something nagged me. There was no mention of what Amway did. What was the ‘word’ that this guy kept talking about. What was Amway selling?
I asked him. “The dream, my man,” he replied his face aglow, “the dream. Amway is not selling you anything Amway is giving you a ‘business opportunity’ you cannot beat.”
“The ‘business opportunity’ to do what?” I asked, still confused. “The opportunity to use world class products. The opportunity to get others to use world class products. He opportunity to change your life.”
“What world class products?”
“Only the best.”
“Name one product.”
“Many products. 10,000 products. From shampoo to Chrysler cars!”
“I can buy Chrysler cars in Bangalore?”
“Not yet. But the day will come. May be not Chrysler cars but may be Marutis.”
“I can buy a Maruti through Amway?”
“Of course! When they tie up the deal.”
“What deal?”
“Distribution deal. If Maruti is smart, theywill understand that in a few years, only multi-level marketing will survive. Even Bill Gates said. The end of retail selling is here. Amway will overtake them. By the year 2000, no one will buy anything from shops.”
“Which shops?”
“Any shop. Every shop.”
“Nilgiris, Shoppers’ Stop, Folio and Bata will all close down?”
“Yes of course.” He sounded a little exasperated. TGhen he became paternal. He employed the tone one uses to talk to a friend’s child. “Are you aware of Amway?”
“Yes.” I replied. “I have read everything they gave another salesmean like yourself. And I went to an Amway meeting.”
“Then you have learned nothing, my friend, nothing! You must have spoken to the wrong person. The world is going to change. Haven’t I already told you that retail selling dead?”
I didn’t give up. “Where is this place where they stock 10,000 products. I’d like to see it for myself.”
“Well, it’s not 10,000 products yet. But it will get there.”
“How many products do they have right now?”
“That is immaterial. You’re just being pedestrian.”
“Tell me how many products do theyhave?”
“Six of what?”
“Detergents, a great Liquid Organic Cleaner, which you can pour into your plants after cleaning the floors and Dish Drops which will make your glassware shine like anything!”
Before I could speak, he added. “They also have a lotion and a shampoo. But why am I telling you all this. The point is not the products but the opportunity. No matter what the products are, the opportunity will make you lots of money. And then you can retire. What is needed is not for us to quibble about details. We—you, me and everybody—must do all we can to make this succeed.”
Then, totally pickled in his own sales pitch, he began to shout” GET OFF THE POT! GET ON THE PHONE, MAN, AND SPREAD THE WORD!! USE YOUR MAGAZINES AND TELL LAKHS OF PEOPLE THE GOOD NEWS!!!”
So I got off the pot, picked up my phone and began to research the story.
Amway’s operations rest on what is called multilevel marketing (or MLM). It has been called network called ‘network marketing’, pyramid selling (a phrase that inspires vitriol among Amway types). It has also been compared to chain letter or the buying of a lottery ticket.
How it works is both simple and complicated at the same time.
You try and sign up others as fellow Amway distributors. You get commission on whatever they buy. You also get commissions on the purchases made by the people whom they in turn sign up as Amway distributors.
The more people you sign up, the more they will buy. The more they buy, the more money you will make.
Now I will explain the 9-6-3 scheme because every Amway distributor talked about this. Having signed up, you get 9 people to sign up. Next, each of the nine people gets 6 people to sign up. Then, each of those 6 people gets 3 people to sign up.
Here’s the calculation. You=1. Youx 9= 9 people. 9x6= 54. 54x3=162. Total=262 Amway distributors in your group.
If you achieve this target, you no longer ‘belong; to someone else’s group. You become a ‘direct’.
The next assumption is that each of these 226 people in your group will buy an average of Rs 1,500 worth of Amway products every month. 226xRs 1,500=Rs. 3,39,000 per month.
For every Rs 1,500 worthof product purchase you get 50PV (Point  Value). It works out to about 3.34% of the value of products bought. For every PV you get a commission. It is called ‘bonus’.
There is a (telescopic) slab system to determine your bonus. The lower the quantity of purchase, the lower the commission.
Till you reach the level of 200PV (that’s Rs. 6,000 worth of goods) you get no bonus. With 200PVs you earnings (bonus for that month) will be Rs 180. When you (together with your group) buy Rs 15,000 worth of products, you will get 500PV. Your bonus on this will still be 3% and your personal income will be Rs. 450 per month less whatever is to be shared with the others in the group.
If you and your group members buy Rs 3.39 lakh worth of Amwayproducts every month, you will earn 11,300PV. Your bonus on this will be 21% and you will earn Rs 71,900. After sharing your bonus with the others in your group you will be left with Rs 40,500.
At this level the bottom 162 people in your group make no bonuses at all because their PV is less than 200, having bought only Rs 1,500 worth of product. However, you have nothing to worry about. You will make bonuses on their purchases because their PVs are counted in your tally.
Remember, you will earn this Rs 40,500 a month only.
1)      IF you get to sign up 226 people;
2)      IF you make sure that each and every one of the 226 people buy Rs 1,500 worth of products EVERY MONTH; and
3)      IF every one of these 226 people has the ability and the desire to pay Amway prices because Amway makes the claim that their products are ‘world class’.
Amway Products vs. other products
1.       G&H body lotion, 250ml Rs 316 – Nivea lotion 250 ml Rs 110.
2.       Satinique (shampoo & conditioner) 250ml Rs 314 –Sun silk (shampoo & conditioner) Rs 85
3.        Dishdrops (1 litre=4 litres) Rs 420—Godrej Concentrate Rs 64
4.       SeeSpray Concentrate (1litre=4litres) Rs 290—Cxolin Glass Household cleaner Rs 252
5.       Amway zoom concentrate 1 litre. Rs 299—Robin Cuff’s N Collars 128
(Note: I could not work out a way for people to spend Rs 1,500 a month without wasting the product)
When you get 226 people in your group, you become a ‘direct’. Your commission drops to 4% on the purchases of the group. Then what? Then you go sign up more and more people if you want to make more money.
If you want to become a millionaire, you will need to sign up several hundreds of people and have them all buy more Amway products. If you are the poor sod at the bottom of the heap, you will be told ‘if you work hard’ you can sign up hundreds, why thousands, of people from anywhere in the world to become Amway distributors and that i.e. by ‘working hard’, you can beat the odds and become a millionaire.
(When you become a millionaire—by ‘working hard’ in your spare time—you can buy the BMW they kept showing you in the promotional videos… the one that had the stereotype honey-blond draped over the dude who was playing golf.)
You are also being told that if you aren’t making nice dollops of money, it is because you aren’t ‘working hard’.
The definition of ‘working hard’ is to get as many as people as you can to pay Amway Rs 4,200 to become distributors.
There’s another way. That is to sell products door-to-door or person-to-person. You could do that too. There should be nothing to stop you from lining up outside apartment buildings with the dabba distributors of Bangalore and sell Amway shampoo for Rs 315. You could also be posh and invite the ladies of your kitty party for tea and then sign them up or sell them shampoo or detergents.
The positive side to Amway
Let me say that the above is the positive to Amway. That is, the chance to make money. It is the chance to get oneself involved in a trade as a side business, specially, if one is trying to recover from a failed (or failing business) or one has lost one’s job. To the extent that a few people will surely make money, the system works.
Alas, that’s not where the story ends.
Because for everyone, who makes money, there will be necessarily many who do not. Indeed, as I went along from Amway distributor to Amway distributor, I found myself vastly better informed than most of them, with the exception of one articulate couple.
They spent over two hours with me, explaining the nitty-gritty of the commission structure, despite reservations, I thank them for this.
In direct contrast was my experience with the people at Amway’s nice office on Airport Road.
I spent two hours in the Amway office on Airport Road. The administrative manager, Arijit Mitra, turned out to be extremely personable and a gentleman. However, he did say that he would not be able to answer any questions about the details of the scheme and indeed, he wanted to know why I wanted to write an in-depth story. His colleague, a lady that person distributors speak to, firs told me that she would come back in ten minutes and then she vanished from plain sight.
After one and a half hours, there was no sign of her and Mitra kept me engaged. Then another lady came out and told me that she was ‘very busy’. I told her I would wait indefinitely. Then Mitra reappeared from the bowels of the Amway office and looked apologetic. He said his colleague would not meet me because she did not want to meet me. He explained that she was not ‘authorised to talk to the press’.
I tried to ask him to tell Vinitha not to hide inside the budding and that my questions were very simple. But no dice. I never got to ask questions of the very person who was qualified to answer them.
Then I asked Mitra to call her superior (Gowry someone) in Delhi so I could talk to her. He did. He told me that she had told him the same thing. Mitra asked me to go to Delhi and speak to someone called Steven Beddoe. He said that was no on in Bangalore who was authorised to talk to the press.
I asked Mitra why Amway had people in Bangalore who were authorised to take money Bangaloreans but no one who could be account table for this. Mitra had no answer.
The underside of Amway
My basic problem with Amway is that I believe that the success of some is dependent on the failures of others. That is:
1.       Amway will make money; and
2.        Some distributors will make money; but
3.       Both will do so at the expense of the many that might not.
And those who don’t will probably be middle income people for whom Rs 4,200 is a major piece of investment. (My accountant spends less on school fees for his two children for the whole year.)
As a quick aside, let me quote the ‘zero sum theory’. For those who might not know it, this is a theory propounded bythe famous economist, Lester Thurow. His book ‘The Zero Sum Society’ explains it in detail with a lot of econometric models. It will take me over a 100 pages to go into all that. Basically, Thurow said that for every person who has made a certain amount of profit, someone else has made an equivalent amount of loss.
This is like the horse races. Any Turn “Club will make money. A small number of bettors will make money. (One of them will hit the jackpot.) The only way that the Turf Club can make someone rich is because thousands of hopefuls lose their bets and their money. It is the losers’ money which is collected and passed on to the lucky ones. The lottery works in pretty much the same way.
I am not saying that Amway is like a horse race or a lottery. But the overall money movement and the odds of someone becoming rich are startlingly similar.
This is better explained with numbers. Remember how many people you need to sign up? I’ll remind you—225. If you must get 226 people including you to sign up, then consider this—6,500 people (in Bangalore alone) have already signed up. Each one of them hopes he or she will make a lot of money. It is reasonable to expect that if one Amway distributor stand s a chance of becoming a millionaire, then every Amway distributor should stand an equal chance of becoming a millionaire…otherwise it is exactly like a horse race.
So, if all 6,500 people achere to the 9-6-3 formula, then hold on to your hatwhen you read this.
6,500x9= 58,500 Amway distributors,
58,500x6=3,51,000 Amway distributors
3,51,000x3=10,53,000 Amway distributors
That’s ten lakh fifty three thousand for the city of Bangalore.
An employee of Bata Shoe Company told me that they employ about 30,000 sales people in their 1,500 stores across the nation. 30,000 Bata sales people for the whole nation and 10,53,000 Amway sales people only for Bangalore.
Two days after my visit to the Amway office I received a call from the Amway HQ in Delhi from Steven Beddoe, GM, Distributor services. he told me that the numbers would never grow to what I have mentioned above. Because I persisted Beddoe suggested that the possible number of Amway distributors in Bangalore would be about 1.67% of the middle class population.
Bangalore’s population is about 5.2 million. Of this let’s be conservative and say that 25 per cent are middle class. That is 1.3 million of which 1.67 per cent (21,710) would be Amway distributors. Beddoe reacted again. He said he didn’t think that the total number of Amway distributors would be that many. (He even said that the number was less for a certain South Asian country.) e even said that the numb er was less for a certain South Asian country)

I asked him ikf that number could be as low as 10,000. He said that was a possibiolity. (10,53,000 to 10,000 and we still don’t have a number.)
Then the chances of people making money is slashed because Amway themselves are suggesting that each person will sign up less than two other people on an average. Therefore, if some of them manage to sign up 220 people, many others won’t sign up people at all.
And if you divide this number—10,000 into groups of 226, then the total number of directs in the Bangalore will be 44. In essence, 10,000-44=9,956 Amway distributors, who do not stand the chance of becoming ‘directs’. Who will be among the lucky 44? YOU?
I asked Beddoe to help me with this puzzle and apart from giving me philosophical discourse, he couldn’t address the matter of numbers. All he said was that Amway distributors should sign up more and more people. Which brings me to my next thought.
Why Amway will make money even if you don’t
Another interesting calculation. If 1.05 million people sing up0, Amway will receive Rs 442. 26 crore in upfront cash from this ‘cash rich’ country. They will have earned all this money without having sold a single one of their very expensive products.
Then, by some chance, if all these people actually manage to spend Rs 1,500 a month on products. Amway will giggle into their bank manager’s sleeves having earned another Rs 1,895.40 crore or on sales very year.


Wednesday, 12 April 2017


Dear fellow consumer and social activists,

You are quite aware that we have been consistently and persistently articulating that preponderant of dietary supplements of Amway are sub-standard, spurious and do not match with the alluring claims and contentions about, quality, utility, standard etc., made by the Amway about these products, However, Amway has been intentionally creating a myth about the alleged superiority of its products with an ulterior motive to influence the choice and buying decisions of gullible public to pander to its profiteering. In fact, Amway justifies the charging of exorbitant price for its products on the ground of their alleged value addition and product superiority. However, there is an unbridgeable hiatus in between what the Amway holds out to the public and what these products actually are. The Food Safety and Standard Authority of India has rejected product approval to certain products of Amway, endorsing our contention. We urge your good self to  disseminate this consumer friendly information to save the gullible consumers from being cheated and further for facilitating their informed choices.

NETSURF, yet another racketeer on prowl BEWARE

My dear fellow Indians, BEWARE BEWARE BEWARE
Here is another crook joined the rank  of dubious companies to sell products in the name of direct selling. Its business model is also same that of Amway which was pronounced by the Andhra Pradesh High Court guilty of promoting illegal money circulation scheme.
These crooks sell their products in the name of direct selling but in fact there are hundreds and thousands of intermediaries who collect the commission on the purchase of products. 
All these products are high-priced and every person who wants to purchase these products should become a member of the company. If he wants to earn commission he needs to enroll more members under him and he would be paid commission for every product the downline members purchased from the company, which is nothing but a ponzi scheme. The Andhra Pradesh High Court in Speakasia case, stated that enrollment itself is ample proof of illegal money circulation scheme. 
Beware of the agents who are already on prowl to enroll more members into the vortex on the pretext that early bird would get the benefits and late entrants would be losers. 
Everyone is a loser in this direct selling as everyone should purchase products of some thousands of rupees every month to remain as member. 

Wednesday, 28 December 2016

Qnet scam: Rs144 crore recovered so far

Jayprakash S Naidu
Jayprakash S Naidu 
Hindustan Times
Highlight Story

Former billiards champion Micheal Ferreira is one of the prime accused in the Qnet scam. (HT Photo )

The Economic Offences Wing (EOW) of the Mumbai Police, probing the money trail in the QNet case, has so far recovered Rs144 crore by freezing several bank accounts of the accused.
The EOW has appealed to investors to come forward and file complaints against the accused, so that their money can be returned.
An EOW official said five lakh investors were affected and that the scam runs into Rs1,000 crore. The Rs144 crore was recovered by freezing bank accounts of the accused and those bank accounts where the money was transferred. A lot of money has been sent out of the country, the official said. The official added that so far, they have received written complaints from only 400 victims from across India and have hence appealed to other investors to come forward.
In all, 30 people have been arrested. The official said Srinivas Rao Vanka, the director of Vihaan Direct Selling India Pvt. Ltd and Michael Joseph Ferreira, former world billiard champion, are among the key accused.

Tuesday, 27 December 2016

'MLM' Pitchman, Donald Trump, Picks 'MLM' Racketeer, Betsy DeVos, as Education Secretary.

Donald Trump,Betsy DeVos 

Earlier today my Blog was swamped with visits to 'Amway' pages. I then discovered that Donald Trump has named Betsy DeVos as Education Secretary.

As Donald Trump gets set to take over as the next US President, media attention has again suddenly focused on what he will do with his business and whether his largely-opaque money making activities represent a conflict of interest prohibited by the US Constitution.

During the campaign,Trump never stopped boasting of his tremendous wealth and business skills. He now claims he will hand complete control of his business to his three eldest children - Donald Jr, Ivanka and Eric. However, this move has done nothing to allay fears that Trump will exploit the presidency to his own financial advantage and to that of his associates.

To date, only a few journalists have delved into Trump's 'MLM' racketeering activities, but perhaps the appointment of Betsy DeVos will change this situation.

For decades, the Utopian 'MLM income opportunity'  lie has been used to bedazzle, blame and steal billions of dollars from, millions of constantly-churning victims around the world. 

See original image

See original image 

The appointment Ms. DeVos to an influential position of government in itself represents a huge conflict of interest. For a start, she is a prominent member of one of the original 'Amway' cultic crime families, whilst her brother, Erik Prince (the instigator of 'Blackwater'), has been one of the most-controversial figures in the USA in recent years.

David Brear (copyright 2016)

Wednesday, 28 September 2016

Sudden volte-face by Ministry of Consumer Affairs regarding Multi-Level Marketing

It appears that the Ministry of Consumer Affairs has inadvertently issued the advisory to the State governments and Union territories to frame guidelines for the direct selling industry. In other words it is nothing but volte-face on the part of the Consumer Affairs Ministry to issue such contradictory and controversial advisory to the State governments.
Way back in 2003, the same Ministry of Consumer Affairs clarified to the Central Economic Intelligence Bureau, New Delhi over the letter of Wajahat Habibullah, secretary of Consumer Affairs which stated that his department was considering the issue of direct selling/network/multilevel marketing as an alternative form of marketing of goods and the entire issue was looked from that angle. It was further clarified that the Consumer Affairs letter does not cover pyramid structured marketing schemes and that area also does not fall within the purview of the department. 
Earlier, answering to a question on December 20, 2002, in Lok Sabha on RBI action against Amway India, Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance and Company Affairs Shri Anandrao V Adsul stated that the RBI after once again examining the matter on the representation of Amway, had made it clear that the Amway’s activities attracted the provisions of Prize Chits and Money Circulation Schemes (Banning) Act, 1978. The minister also stated that the RBI had forwarded a report in this regard to the police authorities who are empowered under the Act for taking necessary action.
A quick glance at the definition of money circulation scheme under the provisions of the Prize Chits And Money Circulation Schemes (Banning) Act, 1978 reveals:
Section 2(c): “Money circulation scheme” means any scheme, by whatever name called, for the making of quick or easy money, or for the receipt of any money or valuable thing as the conservation for a promise to pay money, on any event or contingency relative or applicable to the enrolment of members into the scheme, whether or not such money or thing is derived from the entrance money of the members of such scheme or periodical subscriptions.
Section 10 of Act says that all offences under the Prize Chits and Money Circulation Schemes (Banning) Act, 1978 are cognizable offences. Cognizable offence means police have to initiate action without any complaint from victim or loser or any person.
The Division Bench of the Andhra Pradesh High Court in 2007, held that from the whole analysis of the Amway India’s business scheme and the way in which it is structured it is quite apparent that once a person gets into this scheme he will find it difficult to come out of the web and it becomes a vicious circle for him. In any event the petitioners have not specifically denied the turnover they are achieving and the income they are earning towards the initial enrollment of the distributors, the renewal subscription fee and the minimum sales being achieved by the distributors as alleged in the counter affidavit. By no means can it be said that the money which the first petitioner is earning is not the quick/easy money. By promising payment of commission on the business turned out by the down-line members sponsored either directly or indirectly by the up-line members (which constitutes an event or contingency relative to enrollment of members), the first petitioner is earning quick/easy money from its distributors, apart from ensuring its distributor earn quick/easy money. Thus the two ingredients are satisfied in the case of promoter too.  We are, therefore, of the considered view that the scheme run by the petitioners squarely attracts the definition of “Money Circulation Scheme” as provided in Section 2(c) of the Act. (Para 35).
The Supreme Court of India in the case of Kuriachan Chacko Vs. State of Kerala (2008) 8 SCC 708 held: “The Kerala High Court also upheld the argument of the prosecution that the Scheme was a "mathematical impossibility". The promoters of the Scheme very well knew that it is certain that the Scheme was impracticable and inworkable, making tall promises which the makers of the promises knew trully well that it could not work successfully. It could work for some time. These schemes are like "Paul can be robbed to pay Peter" but ultimately when there is a large mass of Peters, they will be left in the lurch without any remedy as they would by then have been deceived and deprived of their money. (para 41)”.
The High Court of AP in the case of Speak Asia online Vs. State of A.P. CRLP No.5626/2011 heldthat mere informing a scheme, which covered under the money circulation scheme and enrolling members as subscribers, itself is an offence. It is not necessary to further elaborate on the same, since the Sections are unambiguous and clearly indicate the acts which attract an offence.
When the Indian judiciary unequivocally held that enrollment of members attracts the provisions of the PCMC Act and Amway India has exactly been doing that in its business scheme, how the Ministry of Consumer Affairs could turn volte-face and issue advisory to the Statement governments and Union territories for framing guidelines for direct selling industry.
Moreover, the Andhra Pradesh State Government way back in 2008 issued GOMS No 178 restraining Amway India from publishing any material/advertisements containing such material connected with any Prize Chits and Money Circulation Scheme promoted or conducted in contravention of the provisions of the PCMCS Act. The GO also declared that every copy of the newspaper and every copy of the publication containing such material or the advertisement to be forfeited to the State government of Andhra Pradesh.
The official websites of the police departments of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana States warned people not to join the schemes of Amway and others and lose their hard-earned money. The websites also warned people to report to the police in case they suffer any loss due to joining such schemes.
When the issue is crystal clear that the Amway India and other companies under the aegis of Indian Direct Selling Association are into the illegal activities, how the State government could frame guidelines as per the advisory of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs when Amway and other IDSA members are promoting illegal Money Circulation Schemes in the name of direct selling.

Wednesday, 21 September 2016

Ferreira rejected bail in QNet scam

New Delhi: Padma Bhushan Michael Ferreira, former world Billiards champion is all set to be arrested after the Supreme Court on Wednesday rejected Anticipatory Bail applications of all prime accused in the QNet scam.
The Supreme Court rejected the bail applications of five including, Srinivas Rao Vanka and Magaral Veervalli Balaji, both directors of Vihaan Directselling (India) Pvt Ltd, Suresh Thimiri, director of Transview Enterprises India Pvt Ltd, Malcolm Nozer Desai, who is a 20 per cent stakeholder in Vihaan and Michael Joseph Ferreira, former world champion of billiards and an 80 per cent stakeholder in Vihaan.
Earlier the Bombay High Court had rejected the anticipatory bail applications of all the accused calling the whole business of QNet as “prima facie illegal business”.
The order mentioned, "The motto of the company 'sell more, earn more' appears very attractive and innocuous. However, this motto is fully camouflaged. The company stands on a basic statement that people can be fooled. Thus, the true motto is 'sell more earn more' by fooling people. In fact it is a chain where a person is fooled and then he is trained to fool others to earn money. For that purpose, workshops are conducted where study and business material is provided with a jugglery of words, promises and dreams. Thus, the deceit and fraud is camouflaged under the name of e-¬marketing and business."
"It has very grave and serious impact on the economic status and mental health of the people on a large scale. On considering parameters of the Section 438 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, I am not inclined to protect the accused. It won't be out of place to mention that such circulation is required to be stopped. It is necessary for the prosecution to take injunctive steps against this business activity, which is prima facie, illegal.”
“The Serious Frauds Investigation Office had termed the whole business of the QI Group in India as a threat to the national security,” said the whistle blower, Gurupreet Anand, who submitted the SFIO report in Bombay High Court as well as the Supreme Court of India along with other documents.
A detailed Status Report was filed by Special Public Prosecutor Pradeep Gharat and after going through the contents of the said report the anticipatory bail applications of all the prime accused was forthwith rejected. Agencies